Last updated on September 20, 2021
The settlements at the crossing of the Kraria (Kichkasskaya) on both banks of the Dnieper and on the island of St. Gregory (Khortitsa) are mentioned in 952 in the treatise "On the Administration of the Empire" by the Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus. For a long time, the official foundation date was considered 1770, when the construction of the Alexander Fortress began. However, back in 1554-55. on about. Khortytsia, the first Cossack fortifications appeared to protect against the Tatars - the Zaporozhye Sich. In its place in the XI century. there was an old fortress. Even earlier, the Scythians and Sarmatians lived here. In 1932 the city was divided into two parts by the Dnieper Hydroelectric Power Station, which gave impetus to the development of the Zaporozhye industrial complex, which now includes over 300 enterprises. One of the most famous is AvtoZAZ production. This industrial enterprise produced the famous "Zaporozhets", the hero of numerous anecdotes. In the 30s of the XX century. the central part of the city has undergone a complete reconstruction. The old buildings have practically not survived. Day of the city of Zaporozhye is celebrated on the first Saturday in October.